To make a website more secure using cPanel, you can follow these steps:
- Keep cPanel Updated: Ensure that you are using the latest version of cPanel to benefit from the latest security patches and updates.
- Strong Passwords: Use strong, unique passwords for your cPanel account, FTP, email accounts, and any other associated services. Avoid using common passwords or easily guessable combinations.
- Two-Factor Authentication (2FA): Enable 2FA for your cPanel account to add an extra layer of security. This requires a second verification step, such as a unique code sent to your mobile device, in addition to the password.
- Secure FTP (SFTP): Instead of using regular FTP, which sends data in plain text, use Secure FTP (SFTP) for transferring files to and from your website. SFTP encrypts the data during transit, making it more secure.
- SSL/TLS Certificates: Install an SSL/TLS certificate on your website to enable HTTPS. This encrypts the communication between your website and the user’s browser, protecting sensitive data. cPanel provides an interface to manage SSL certificates easily.
- Directory and File Permissions: Set appropriate permissions for directories and files on your website. Restrict write permissions to only the necessary folders and files to prevent unauthorized modifications. Most files should have permissions set to 644, and directories should be set to 755.
- ModSecurity: Activate ModSecurity in cPanel, which is a web application firewall (WAF) that helps protect your website from various attacks, including SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), and more. It analyzes incoming requests and filters out potential threats.
- IP Whitelisting: Restrict access to cPanel and other sensitive services by whitelisting specific IP addresses or IP ranges. This helps to prevent unauthorized access to your website.
- Regular Backups: Perform regular backups of your website files and databases through cPanel. In case of any security incident or data loss, you can quickly restore your website to a previous state.
- Disable Unused Services: Disable any unused services or features in cPanel to reduce potential attack vectors. Review the list of installed software and disable or uninstall anything that is not required.
- Use a Firewall: Consider enabling a firewall at the server level to provide an additional layer of protection. cPanel has a built-in firewall called “cPHulk” that can help block suspicious IP addresses and prevent brute force attacks.
- Monitor Logs: Regularly monitor the logs in cPanel for any unusual activities or signs of security breaches. Pay attention to access logs, error logs, and any suspicious entries.
Remember that website security is an ongoing process, and it’s essential to stay updated with the latest security practices, regularly patch your website’s software and plugins, and keep yourself informed about emerging security threats.