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PHP Manual :: func_get_args



func_get_arg || func_num_args || Function handling Functions || PHP Manual

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

func_get_argsReturns an array comprising a function's argument list

Description

array func_get_args ( void )

Gets an array of the function's argument list.

This function may be used in conjunction with func_get_arg() and func_num_args() to allow user-defined functions to accept variable-length argument lists.

Return Values

Returns an array in which each element is a copy of the corresponding member of the current user-defined function's argument list.

Changelog

Version Description
5.3.0 This function can now be used in parameter lists.
5.3.0 If this function is called from the outermost scope of a file which has been included by calling include or require from within a function in the calling file, it now generates a warning and returns FALSE.

Errors/Exceptions

Generates a warning if called from outside of a user-defined function.

Examples

Example #1 func_get_args() example

<?php
function foo()
{
    
$numargs func_num_args();
    echo 
"Number of arguments: $numargs \n";
    if (
$numargs >= 2) {
        echo 
"Second argument is: " func_get_arg(1) . "\n";
    }
    
$arg_list func_get_args();
    for (
$i 0$i $numargs$i++) {
        echo 
"Argument $i is: " $arg_list[$i] . "\n";
    }
}

foo(123);
?>

The above example will output:

Number of arguments: 3 
Second argument is: 2
Argument 0 is: 1
Argument 1 is: 2
Argument 2 is: 3

Example #2 func_get_args() example before and after PHP 5.3

test.php
<?php
function foo() {
    include 
'./fga.inc';
}

foo('First arg''Second arg');
?>

fga.inc
<?php

$args 
func_get_args();
var_export($args);

?>

Output previous to PHP 5.3:

array (
  0 => 'First arg',
  1 => 'Second arg',
)

Output in PHP 5.3 and later:

Warning: func_get_args():  Called from the global scope - no function
context in /home/torben/Desktop/code/ml/fga.inc on line 3
false

Example #3 func_get_args() example of byref and byval arguments

<?php
function byVal($arg) {
    echo 
'As passed     : 'var_export(func_get_args()), PHP_EOL;
    
$arg 'baz';
    echo 
'After change  : 'var_export(func_get_args()), PHP_EOL;
}

function 
byRef(&$arg) {
    echo 
'As passed     : 'var_export(func_get_args()), PHP_EOL;
    
$arg 'baz';
    echo 
'After change  : 'var_export(func_get_args()), PHP_EOL;
}

$arg 'bar';
byVal($arg);
byRef($arg);
?>

Output of the above example in PHP 7:


As passed : array (
0 => 'bar',
)
After change : array (
0 => 'baz',
)
As passed : array (
0 => 'bar',
)
After change : array (
0 => 'baz',
)

Output of the above example in PHP 5:


As passed : array (
0 => 'bar',
)
After change : array (
0 => 'bar',
)
As passed : array (
0 => 'bar',
)
After change : array (
0 => 'baz',
)

Notes

Note:

Because this function depends on the current scope to determine parameter details, it cannot be used as a function parameter in versions prior to 5.3.0. If this value must be passed, the results should be assigned to a variable, and that variable should be passed.

Note:

If the arguments are passed by reference, any changes to the arguments will be reflected in the values returned by this function. As of PHP 7 the current values will also be returned if the arguments are passed by value.

Note: This function returns a copy of the passed arguments only, and does not account for default (non-passed) arguments.



func_get_arg || func_num_args || Function handling Functions || PHP Manual
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