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PHP Manual :: MongoCollection::insert



MongoCollection::group || MongoCollection::parallelCollectionScan || MongoCollection || PHP Manual

(PECL mongo >=0.9.0)

MongoCollection::insertInserts a document into the collection

Description

public bool|array MongoCollection::insert ( array|object $document [, array $options = array() ] )

All strings sent to the database must be UTF-8. If a string is not UTF-8, a MongoException will be thrown. To insert (or query for) a non-UTF-8 string, use MongoBinData.

Parameters

document

An array or object. If an object is used, it may not have protected or private properties.

Note:

If the parameter does not have an _id key or property, a new MongoId instance will be created and assigned to it. This special behavior does not mean that the parameter is passed by reference.

options

An array of options for the insert operation. Currently available options include:

  • "fsync"

    Boolean, defaults to FALSE. If journaling is enabled, it works exactly like "j". If journaling is not enabled, the write operation blocks until it is synced to database files on disk. If TRUE, an acknowledged insert is implied and this option will override setting "w" to 0.

    Note: If journaling is enabled, users are strongly encouraged to use the "j" option instead of "fsync". Do not use "fsync" and "j" simultaneously, as that will result in an error.

  • "j"

    Boolean, defaults to FALSE. Forces the write operation to block until it is synced to the journal on disk. If TRUE, an acknowledged write is implied and this option will override setting "w" to 0.

    Note: If this option is used and journaling is disabled, MongoDB 2.6+ will raise an error and the write will fail; older server versions will simply ignore the option.

  • "socketTimeoutMS"

    This option specifies the time limit, in milliseconds, for socket communication. If the server does not respond within the timeout period, a MongoCursorTimeoutException will be thrown and there will be no way to determine if the server actually handled the write or not. A value of -1 may be specified to block indefinitely. The default value for MongoClient is 30000 (30 seconds).

  • "w"

    See Write Concerns. The default value for MongoClient is 1.

  • "wTimeoutMS"

    This option specifies the time limit, in milliseconds, for write concern acknowledgement. It is only applicable when "w" is greater than 1, as the timeout pertains to replication. If the write concern is not satisfied within the time limit, a MongoCursorException will be thrown. A value of 0 may be specified to block indefinitely. The default value for MongoClient is 10000 (ten seconds).

The following options are deprecated and should no longer be used:

  • "safe"

    Deprecated. Please use the write concern "w" option.

  • "timeout"

    Deprecated alias for "socketTimeoutMS".

  • "wtimeout"

    Deprecated alias for "wTimeoutMS".

Return Values

Returns an array containing the status of the insertion if the "w" option is set. Otherwise, returns TRUE if the inserted array is not empty (a MongoException will be thrown if the inserted array is empty).

If an array is returned, the following keys may be present:

ok

This should almost always be 1 (unless last_error itself failed).

err

If this field is non-null, an error occurred on the previous operation. If this field is set, it will be a string describing the error that occurred.

code

If a database error occurred, the relevant error code will be passed back to the client.

errmsg

This field is set if something goes wrong with a database command. It is coupled with ok being 0. For example, if w is set and times out, errmsg will be set to "timed out waiting for slaves" and ok will be 0. If this field is set, it will be a string describing the error that occurred.

n

If the last operation was an update, upsert, or a remove, the number of documents affected will be returned. For insert operations, this value is always 0.

wtimeout

If the previous option timed out waiting for replication.

waited

How long the operation waited before timing out.

wtime

If w was set and the operation succeeded, how long it took to replicate to w servers.

upserted

If an upsert occurred, this field will contain the new record's _id field. For upserts, either this field or updatedExisting will be present (unless an error occurred).

updatedExisting

If an upsert updated an existing element, this field will be true. For upserts, either this field or upserted will be present (unless an error occurred).

Errors/Exceptions

Throws MongoException if the inserted document is empty or if it contains zero-length keys. Attempting to insert an object with protected and private properties will cause a zero-length key error.

Throws MongoCursorException if the "w" option is set and the write fails.

Throws MongoCursorTimeoutException if the "w" option is set to a value greater than one and the operation takes longer than MongoCursor::$timeout milliseconds to complete. This does not kill the operation on the server, it is a client-side timeout. The operation in MongoCollection::$wtimeout is milliseconds.

Changelog

Version Description
1.5.0

Added the "wTimeoutMS" option, which replaces "wtimeout". Emits E_DEPRECATED when "wtimeout" is used.

Added the "socketTimeoutMS" option, which replaces "timeout". Emits E_DEPRECATED when "timeout" is used.

Emits E_DEPRECATED when "safe" is used.

1.3.4 Added "wtimeout" option.
1.3.0

Added "w" option.

The options parameter no longer accepts a boolean to signify an acknowledged write. Instead, this now has to be done with array('w' => 1) (the default behaviour of MongoClient).

1.2.0 Added "timeout" option.
1.0.11 Disconnects on "not master" errors if "safe" is set.
1.0.9

Added ability to pass integers to the "safe" option, which previously only accepted booleans.

Added "fsync" option.

The return type was changed to be an array containing error information if the "safe" option is used. Otherwise, a boolean is returned as before.

1.0.2 Changed second parameter to be an array of options. Pre-1.0.2, the second parameter was a boolean indicating the "safe" option.
1.0.1 Throw a MongoCursorException if the "safe" option is set and the insert fails.

Examples

Example #1 MongoCollection::insert() _id example

An _id field will be added to the inserted document if not already present. Depending on how the parameter is passed, a generated _id may or may not be available to calling code.

<?php

$m 
= new MongoClient();
$collection $m->selectCollection('test''phpmanual');

// If an array literal is used, there is no way to access the generated _id
$collection->insert(array('x' => 1));

// The _id is available on an array passed by value
$a = array('x' => 2);
$collection->insert($a);
var_dump($a);

// The _id is not available on an array passed by reference
$b = array('x' => 3);
$ref = &$b;
$collection->insert($ref);
var_dump($ref);

// The _id is available if a wrapping function does not trigger copy-on-write
function insert_no_cow($collection$document)
{
    
$collection->insert($document);
}

$c = array('x' => 4);
insert_no_cow($collection$c);
var_dump($c);

// The _id is not available if a wrapping function triggers copy-on-write
function insert_cow($collection$document)
{
    
$document['y'] = 1;
    
$collection->insert($document);
}

$d = array('x' => 5);
insert_cow($collection$d);
var_dump($d);

?>

The above example will output something similar to:

array(2) {
  ["x"]=>
  int(2)
  ["_id"]=>
  object(MongoId)#4 (0) {
  }
}
array(1) {
  ["x"]=>
  int(3)
}
array(2) {
  ["x"]=>
  int(4)
  ["_id"]=>
  object(MongoId)#5 (0) {
  }
}
array(1) {
  ["x"]=>
  int(5)
}

Example #2 MongoCollection::insert() acknowledged write example

This example shows inserting two elements with the same _id, which causes a MongoCursorException to be thrown, as w was set.

<?php

$person 
= array("name" => "Joe""age" => 20);
$collection->insert($person);

// now $person has an _id field, so if we save it 
// again, we will get an exception
try {
    
$collection->insert($person, array("w" => 1));
} catch(
MongoCursorException $e) {
    echo 
"Can't save the same person twice!\n";
}

?>

See Also



MongoCollection::group || MongoCollection::parallelCollectionScan || MongoCollection || PHP Manual
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