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PHP Manual || Array Functions

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5, PHP 7)

array_filterFilters elements of an array using a callback function

Description

array_filter ( array $array [, callable $callback [, int $flag = 0 ]] ) : array

Iterates over each value in the array passing them to the callback function. If the callback function returns TRUE, the current value from array is returned into the result array. Array keys are preserved.

Parameters

array

The array to iterate over

callback

The callback function to use

If no callback is supplied, all entries of array equal to FALSE (see converting to boolean) will be removed.

flag

Flag determining what arguments are sent to callback:

  • ARRAY_FILTER_USE_KEY - pass key as the only argument to callback instead of the value
  • ARRAY_FILTER_USE_BOTH - pass both value and key as arguments to callback instead of the value
Default is 0 which will pass value as the only argument to callback instead.

Return Values

Returns the filtered array.

Changelog

Version Description
5.6.0 Added optional flag parameter and constants ARRAY_FILTER_USE_KEY and ARRAY_FILTER_USE_BOTH

Examples

Example #1 array_filter() example

<?php
function odd($var)
{
    
// returns whether the input integer is odd
    
return $var 1;
}

function 
even($var)
{
    
// returns whether the input integer is even
    
return !($var 1);
}

$array1 = ['a' => 1'b' => 2'c' => 3'd' => 4'e' => 5];
$array2 = [6789101112];

echo 
"Odd :\n";
print_r(array_filter($array1"odd"));
echo 
"Even:\n";
print_r(array_filter($array2"even"));
?>

The above example will output:

Odd :
Array
(
    [a] => 1
    [c] => 3
    [e] => 5
)
Even:
Array
(
    [0] => 6
    [2] => 8
    [4] => 10
    [6] => 12
)

Example #2 array_filter() without callback

<?php

$entry 
= [
    
=> 'foo',
    
=> false,
    
=> -1,
    
=> null,
    
=> '',
    
=> '0',
    
=> 0,
];

print_r(array_filter($entry));
?>

The above example will output:

Array
(
    [0] => foo
    [2] => -1
)

Example #3 array_filter() with flag

<?php

$arr 
= ['a' => 1'b' => 2'c' => 3'd' => 4];

var_dump(array_filter($arr, function($k) {
    return 
$k == 'b';
}, 
ARRAY_FILTER_USE_KEY));

var_dump(array_filter($arr, function($v$k) {
    return 
$k == 'b' || $v == 4;
}, 
ARRAY_FILTER_USE_BOTH));
?>

The above example will output:

array(1) {
  ["b"]=>
  int(2)
}
array(2) {
  ["b"]=>
  int(2)
  ["d"]=>
  int(4)
}

Notes

Caution

If the array is changed from the callback function (e.g. element added, deleted or unset) the behavior of this function is undefined.

See Also

  • array_map() - Applies the callback to the elements of the given arrays
  • array_reduce() - Iteratively reduce the array to a single value using a callback function
  • array_walk() - Apply a user supplied function to every member of an array



PHP Manual || Array Functions