Please wait while we load your page...

PasswordSentry

Latest Version [8.00202205221] Last Updated [May-22-2022]

Tools

PHP Manual [db2_exec]

Protect Your Website Today


PHP Manual || IBM DB2 Functions

(PECL ibm_db2 >= 1.0.0)

db2_exec Executes an SQL statement directly

Description

db2_exec ( resource $connection , string $statement [, array $options ] ) : resource

Executes an SQL statement directly.

If you plan to interpolate PHP variables into the SQL statement, understand that this is one of the more common security exposures. Consider calling db2_prepare() to prepare an SQL statement with parameter markers for input values. Then you can call db2_execute() to pass in the input values and avoid SQL injection attacks.

If you plan to repeatedly issue the same SQL statement with different parameters, consider calling db2_prepare() and db2_execute() to enable the database server to reuse its access plan and increase the efficiency of your database access.

Parameters

connection

A valid database connection resource variable as returned from db2_connect() or db2_pconnect().

statement

An SQL statement. The statement cannot contain any parameter markers.

options

An associative array containing statement options. You can use this parameter to request a scrollable cursor on database servers that support this functionality.

For a description of valid statement options, see db2_set_option().

Return Values

Returns a statement resource if the SQL statement was issued successfully, or FALSE if the database failed to execute the SQL statement.

Examples

Example #1 Creating a table with db2_exec()

The following example uses db2_exec() to issue a set of DDL statements in the process of creating a table.

<?php
$conn 
db2_connect($database$user$password);

// Create the test table
$create 'CREATE TABLE animals (id INTEGER, breed VARCHAR(32),
    name CHAR(16), weight DECIMAL(7,2))'
;
$result db2_exec($conn$create);
if (
$result) {
    print 
"Successfully created the table.\n";
}

// Populate the test table
$animals = array(
    array(
0'cat''Pook'3.2),
    array(
1'dog''Peaches'12.3),
    array(
2'horse''Smarty'350.0),
    array(
3'gold fish''Bubbles'0.1),
    array(
4'budgerigar''Gizmo'0.2),
    array(
5'goat''Rickety Ride'9.7),
    array(
6'llama''Sweater'150)
);

foreach (
$animals as $animal) {
    
$rc db2_exec($conn"INSERT INTO animals (id, breed, name, weight)
      VALUES (
{$animal[0]}, '{$animal[1]}', '{$animal[2]}', {$animal[3]})");
    if (
$rc) {
        print 
"Insert... ";
    }
}
?>

The above example will output:

Successfully created the table.
Insert... Insert... Insert... Insert... Insert... Insert... Insert... 

Example #2 Executing a SELECT statement with a scrollable cursor

The following example demonstrates how to request a scrollable cursor for an SQL statement issued by db2_exec().

<?php
$conn 
db2_connect($database$user$password);
$sql "SELECT name FROM animals
    WHERE weight < 10.0
    ORDER BY name"
;
if (
$conn) {
    require_once(
'prepare.inc');
    
$stmt db2_exec($conn$sql, array('cursor' => DB2_SCROLLABLE));
    while (
$row db2_fetch_array($stmt)) {
        print 
"$row[0]\n";
    }

?>

The above example will output:

Bubbles
Gizmo
Pook
Rickety Ride

Example #3 Returning XML data as an SQL ResultSet

The following example demonstrates how to work with documents stored in a XML column using the SAMPLE database. Using some pretty simple SQL/XML, this example returns some of the nodes in a XML document in an SQL ResultSet format that most users are familiar with.

<?php

$conn 
db2_connect("SAMPLE""db2inst1""ibmdb2");

$query 'SELECT * FROM XMLTABLE(
    XMLNAMESPACES (DEFAULT \'http://posample.org\'),
    \'db2-fn:xmlcolumn("CUSTOMER.INFO")/customerinfo\'
    COLUMNS
    "CID" VARCHAR (50) PATH \'@Cid\',
    "NAME" VARCHAR (50) PATH \'name\',
    "PHONE" VARCHAR (50) PATH \'phone [ @type = "work"]\'
    ) AS T
    WHERE NAME = \'Kathy Smith\'
    '
;
$stmt db2_exec($conn$query);

while(
$row db2_fetch_object($stmt)){
    
printf("$row->CID     $row->NAME     $row->PHONE\n");
}
db2_close($conn);

?>

The above example will output:

1000     Kathy Smith     416-555-1358
1001     Kathy Smith     905-555-7258

Example #4 Performing a "JOIN" with XML data

The following example works with documents stored in 2 different XML columns in the SAMPLE database. It creates 2 temporary tables from the XML documents from 2 different columns and returns an SQL ResultSet with information regarding shipping status for the customer.

<?php

$conn 
db2_connect("SAMPLE""db2inst1""ibmdb2");

$query '
    SELECT A.CID, A.NAME, A.PHONE, C.PONUM, C.STATUS
    FROM
    XMLTABLE(
    XMLNAMESPACES (DEFAULT \'http://posample.org\'),
    \'db2-fn:xmlcolumn("CUSTOMER.INFO")/customerinfo\'
    COLUMNS
    "CID" BIGINT PATH \'@Cid\',
    "NAME" VARCHAR (50) PATH \'name\',
    "PHONE" VARCHAR (50) PATH \'phone [ @type = "work"]\'
    ) as A,
    PURCHASEORDER AS B,
    XMLTABLE (
    XMLNAMESPACES (DEFAULT \'http://posample.org\'),
    \'db2-fn:xmlcolumn("PURCHASEORDER.PORDER")/PurchaseOrder\'
    COLUMNS
    "PONUM"  BIGINT PATH \'@PoNum\',
    "STATUS" VARCHAR (50) PATH \'@Status\'
    ) as C
    WHERE A.CID = B.CUSTID AND
    B.POID = C.PONUM AND
    A.NAME = \'Kathy Smith\'
'
;

$stmt db2_exec($conn$query);

while(
$row db2_fetch_object($stmt)){
    
printf("$row->CID     $row->NAME     $row->PHONE     $row->PONUM     $row->STATUS\n");
}

db2_close($conn);

?>

The above example will output:

1001     Kathy Smith     905-555-7258     5002     Shipped

Example #5 Returning SQL data as part of a larger XML document

The following example works with a portion of the PRODUCT.DESCRIPTION documents in the SAMPLE database. It creates a XML document containing product description (XML data) and pricing info (SQL data).

<?php

$conn 
db2_connect("SAMPLE""db2inst1""ibmdb2");

$query '
SELECT
XMLSERIALIZE(
XMLQUERY(\'
    declare boundary-space strip;
    declare default element namespace "http://posample.org";
    <promoList> {
    for $prod in $doc/product
    where $prod/description/price < 10.00
    order by $prod/description/price ascending
    return(
        <promoitem> {
        $prod,
        <startdate> {$start} </startdate>,
        <enddate> {$end} </enddate>,
        <promoprice> {$promo} </promoprice>
        } </promoitem>
    )
    } </promoList>
\' passing by ref DESCRIPTION AS "doc",
PROMOSTART as "start",
PROMOEND as "end",
PROMOPRICE as "promo"
RETURNING SEQUENCE)
AS CLOB (32000))
AS NEW_PRODUCT_INFO
FROM PRODUCT
WHERE PID = \'100-100-01\'
'
;

$stmt db2_exec($conn$query);

while(
$row db2_fetch_array($stmt)){
    
printf("$row[0]\n");
}
db2_close($conn);

?>

The above example will output:

<promoList xmlns="http://posample.org">
    <promoitem>
    <product pid="100-100-01">
        <description>
            <name>Snow Shovel, Basic 22 inch</name>
            <details>Basic Snow Shovel, 22 inches wide, straight handle with D-Grip</details>
            <price>9.99</price>
            <weight>1 kg</weight>
        </description>
    </product>
    <startdate>2004-11-19</startdate>
    <enddate>2004-12-19</enddate>
    <promoprice>7.25</promoprice>
    </promoitem>
</promoList>

See Also



PHP Manual || IBM DB2 Functions