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PHP Manual [dirname]

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PHP Manual || Filesystem Functions

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

dirnameReturns a parent directory's path

Description

dirname ( string $path [, int $levels = 1 ] ) : string

Given a string containing the path of a file or directory, this function will return the parent directory's path that is levels up from the current directory.

Note:

dirname() operates naively on the input string, and is not aware of the actual filesystem, or path components such as "..".

Caution

dirname() is locale aware, so for it to see the correct directory name with multibyte character paths, the matching locale must be set using the setlocale() function.

Parameters

path

A path.

On Windows, both slash (/) and backslash (\) are used as directory separator character. In other environments, it is the forward slash (/).

levels

The number of parent directories to go up.

This must be an integer greater than 0.

Return Values

Returns the path of a parent directory. If there are no slashes in path, a dot ('.') is returned, indicating the current directory. Otherwise, the returned string is path with any trailing /component removed.

Changelog

Version Description
7.0.0 Added the optional levels parameter.

Examples

Example #1 dirname() example

<?php
echo dirname("/etc/passwd") . PHP_EOL;
echo 
dirname("/etc/") . PHP_EOL;
echo 
dirname(".") . PHP_EOL;
echo 
dirname("C:\\") . PHP_EOL;
echo 
dirname("/usr/local/lib"2);

The above example will output something similar to:

/etc
/ (or \ on Windows)
.
C:\
/usr

See Also

  • basename() - Returns trailing name component of path
  • pathinfo() - Returns information about a file path
  • realpath() - Returns canonicalized absolute pathname



PHP Manual || Filesystem Functions