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PHP Manual [fgetc]

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PHP Manual || Filesystem Functions

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

fgetcGets character from file pointer


fgetc ( resource $handle ) : string

Gets a character from the given file pointer.



The file pointer must be valid, and must point to a file successfully opened by fopen() or fsockopen() (and not yet closed by fclose()).

Return Values

Returns a string containing a single character read from the file pointed to by handle. Returns FALSE on EOF.


This function may return Boolean FALSE, but may also return a non-Boolean value which evaluates to FALSE. Please read the section on Booleans for more information. Use the === operator for testing the return value of this function.


Example #1 A fgetc() example

if (!
$fp) {
'Could not open file somefile.txt';
while (
false !== ($char fgetc($fp))) {


Note: This function is binary-safe.

See Also

  • fread() - Binary-safe file read
  • fopen() - Opens file or URL
  • popen() - Opens process file pointer
  • fsockopen() - Open Internet or Unix domain socket connection
  • fgets() - Gets line from file pointer

PHP Manual || Filesystem Functions