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Latest Version [8.00202205221] Last Updated [May-22-2022]

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PHP Manual [shell_exec]

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PHP Manual || Program execution Functions

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

shell_execExecute command via shell and return the complete output as a string

Description

shell_exec ( string $cmd ) : string

This function is identical to the backtick operator.

Note:

On Windows, the underlying pipe is opened in text mode which can cause the function to fail for binary output. Consider to use popen() instead for such cases.

Parameters

cmd

The command that will be executed.

Return Values

The output from the executed command or NULL if an error occurred or the command produces no output.

Note:

This function can return NULL both when an error occurs or the program produces no output. It is not possible to detect execution failures using this function. exec() should be used when access to the program exit code is required.

Examples

Example #1 A shell_exec() example

<?php
$output 
shell_exec('ls -lart');
echo 
"<pre>$output</pre>";
?>

Notes

Note:

This function is disabled when PHP is running in safe mode.

See Also



PHP Manual || Program execution Functions