PHP Manual || Types

An integer is a number of the set ℤ = {..., -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, ...}.

See also:

Integers can be specified in decimal (base 10), hexadecimal (base 16), octal (base 8) or binary (base 2) notation. The negation operator can be used to denote a negative integer.

Binary integer literals are available since PHP 5.4.0.

To use octal notation, precede the number with a *0* (zero).
To use hexadecimal notation precede the number with *0x*.
To use binary notation precede the number with *0b*.

As of PHP 7.4.0, integer literals may contain underscores (*_*) between digits,
for better readability of literals. These underscores are removed by PHP's scanner.

**Example #1 Integer literals**

```
<?php
```

$a = 1234; // decimal number

$a = 0123; // octal number (equivalent to 83 decimal)

$a = 0x1A; // hexadecimal number (equivalent to 26 decimal)

$a = 0b11111111; // binary number (equivalent to 255 decimal)

$a = 1_234_567; // decimal number (as of PHP 7.4.0)

?>

Formally, the structure for integer literals is as of PHP 7.4.0 (previously, underscores have not been allowed):

decimal : [1-9][0-9]*(_[0-9]+)* | 0 hexadecimal : 0[xX][0-9a-fA-F]+(_[0-9a-fA-F]+)* octal : 0[0-7]+(_[0-7]+)* binary : 0[bB][01]+(_[01]+)* integer : decimal | hexadecimal | octal | binary

The size of an integer is platform-dependent, although a maximum
value of about two billion is the usual value (that's 32 bits signed).
64-bit platforms usually have a maximum value of about 9E18, except on
Windows prior to PHP 7, where it was always 32 bit. PHP does not support
unsigned integers. Integer size can be determined
using the constant ** PHP_INT_SIZE**, maximum value using
the constant

`PHP_INT_MAX`

`PHP_INT_MIN`

Prior to PHP 7, if an invalid digit was given in an octal integer (i.e. 8 or 9), the rest of the number was ignored. Since PHP 7, a parse error is emitted.

If PHP encounters a number beyond the bounds of the integer type, it will be interpreted as a float instead. Also, an operation which results in a number beyond the bounds of the integer type will return a float instead.

**Example #2 Integer overflow on a 32-bit system**

```
<?php
```

$large_number = 2147483647;

var_dump($large_number); // int(2147483647)

$large_number = 2147483648;

var_dump($large_number); // float(2147483648)

$million = 1000000;

$large_number = 50000 * $million;

var_dump($large_number); // float(50000000000)

?>

**Example #3 Integer overflow on a 64-bit system**

```
<?php
```

$large_number = 9223372036854775807;

var_dump($large_number); // int(9223372036854775807)

$large_number = 9223372036854775808;

var_dump($large_number); // float(9.2233720368548E+18)

$million = 1000000;

$large_number = 50000000000000 * $million;

var_dump($large_number); // float(5.0E+19)

?>

There is no integer division operator in PHP.
*1/2* yields the float *0.5*.
The value can be cast to an integer to round it towards zero, or
the round() function provides finer control over rounding.

Note: As of PHP 7.0.0, the function intdiv() is available for integer division.

```
<?php
```

var_dump(25/7); // float(3.5714285714286)

var_dump((int) (25/7)); // int(3)

var_dump(round(25/7)); // float(4)

?>

To explicitly convert a value to integer, use either the
*(int)* or *(integer)* casts. However, in
most cases the cast is not needed, since a value will be automatically
converted if an operator, function or control structure requires an
integer argument. A value can also be converted to
integer with the intval() function.

If a resource is converted to an integer, then the result will be the unique resource number assigned to the resource by PHP at runtime.

See also Type Juggling.

** FALSE** will yield

`TRUE`

When converting from float to integer, the number
will be rounded *towards zero*.

If the float is beyond the boundaries of integer (usually
*+/- 2.15e+9 = 2^31* on 32-bit platforms and
*+/- 9.22e+18 = 2^63* on 64-bit platforms other than
Windows prior to PHP 7), the result is undefined, since the float doesn't
have enough precision to give an exact integer result. No
warning, not even a notice will be issued when this happens!

Note:As of PHP 7.0.0, instead of being undefined and platform-dependent, NaN and Infinity will always be zero when cast to integer.

Never cast an unknown fraction to integer, as this can sometimes lead to unexpected results.

```
<?php
```

echo (int) ( (0.1+0.7) * 10 ); // echoes 7!

?>

See also the warning about float precision.

** NULL** is always converted to zero (

The behaviour of converting to integer is undefined for other
types. Do *not* rely on any observed behaviour, as it
can change without notice.

PHP Manual || Types