Please wait while we load your page...
 

Announcements

Unix Manual

More Tools. . .

Use this tool to explore Unix commands and features.

We provide this tool for FREE! However, we would greatly appreciate your support so we can continue to develop more tools (online tools and downloadable tools). You can show your support by sharing / liking this tool on Facebook. You can also tweet this page to your Twitter followers and following us on Twitter.







UNIX Manual | Commands
							LN(1)				 User Commands				 LN(1)

NAME
       ln - make links between files

SYNOPSIS
       ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME   (1st form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET		      (2nd form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY     (3rd form)
       ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET...  (4th form)

DESCRIPTION
       In  the	1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME.  In
       the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in the current directory.	In the
       3rd  and	 4th  forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY.	Create
       hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic.	When  creating
       hard  links, each TARGET must exist.  Symbolic links can hold arbitrary
       text; if later resolved, a relative link is interpreted in relation  to
       its parent directory.

       Mandatory  arguments  to	 long  options are mandatory for short options
       too.

       --backup[=CONTROL]
	      make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

       -d, -F, --directory
	      allow the superuser to attempt to hard link  directories	(note:
	      will  probably  fail  due	 to  system restrictions, even for the
	      superuser)

       -f, --force
	      remove existing destination files

       -i, --interactive
	      prompt whether to remove destinations

       -L, --logical
	      make hard links to symbolic link references

       -n, --no-dereference
	      treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were
	      a normal file

       -P, --physical
	      make hard links directly to symbolic links

       -s, --symbolic
	      make symbolic links instead of hard links

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
	      override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
	      specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links

       -T, --no-target-directory
	      treat LINK_NAME as a normal file

       -v, --verbose
	      print name of each linked file

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
	      output version information and exit

       The   backup   suffix   is  '~',	 unless	 set  with  --suffix  or  SIM-
       PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.  The version control method may be selected via  the
       --backup	 option	 or  through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable.
       Here are the values:

       Using -s ignores -L and -P.  Otherwise, the last option specified  con-
       trols behavior when the source is a symbolic link, defaulting to -P.

       none, off
	      never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
	      make numbered backups

       existing, nil
	      numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
	      always make simple backups

AUTHOR
       Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report ln bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org
       GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/>
       Report ln translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C)  2010  Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
       GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free  to	change	and  redistribute  it.
       There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       link(2), symlink(2)

       The  full  documentation	 for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If
       the info and ln programs are properly installed at your site, the  com-
       mand

	      info coreutils 'ln invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.4		   May 2016				 LN(1)							
Live Chat Not Available